A casino is one of the most popular destinations of people who want gambling and entertainment at the same time. Casinos are filled with a wide selection of gambling games and a pool of entertainers – dancers, musicians, and comedians, among others. It is also a perfect for socialization, meeting different people from all walks of life. In the proceeding sections, let us know the history of gambling and casinos.
The Beginning of Gambling
No actual date can tell when gambling started. It can be noted that different countries have their own origins of gambling.
Among the first records of gambling was during the time of Ancient Greece. Sports has been a popular sports activity for Greeks. Apart from the Olympians and athletes, spectators also engaged into sports gambling in which they would bet on players and teams to win. Sports betting was popular in long jumping, javelin throw, and wrestling, among others.
On the other hand, Chinese also practiced one of the earliest gambling games in 2300 B.C. They were fond of playing tiles as a pastime. Around 1500 B.C., the earliest dice game was also discovered in Ancient Egypt. The French were also credited as the inventors of card games. They started playing cards in 1387. Johann Gutenberg of Germany produced the first full deck of cards. It was also noted that French adopted the Egyptian’s game of roulette in the 16th century.
All of the present casino games today are innovations of the earliest gambling games. The famous card game called “vingt-et-un” was the inspiration for blackjack card game. The English also re-developed the game of craps. Lastly, the modern poker games today are believed to have influences from Persian, Italian, and English games of chance.
The Gambling Houses
Any place, formal or informal, where people conducts any form of gambling can be considered as gambling houses. Like gambling, there is also no precise date to tell when gambling houses really started. The first gambling house was called “Ridotto” which was established in Venice, Italy in 1638. It hosted controlled gambling during carnivals, however, it was closed in 1774 because it was believed to contribute to the poverty of locals.
In the United States, the gambling establishments are called “saloons” which were influenced by New Orleans, Chicago, San Francisco, and St. Louis. Apart from gambling, saloons were also a place for drinking and partying. Unfortunately, gambling was banned in the early 20th century, closing gaming establishments.
The word “casino” became widely used in the 18th and 19th century. It was coined to refer to a place for music, dancing, and gambling. The term was also used to describe places for sports and pleasurable activities. The first well-known casino in the world was Casino de Venezia which was established in Italy in 1638. Until now, the casino remains operational.
In some places, casinos were never a place for gambling. For example, Finland’s’ Hanko Casino is a banquet hall which is a known landmark in the country. Copenhagen casino is also a theater place.